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Security Advisory - January 08, 2019

Zscaler protects against 6 new vulnerabilities for Chakra Scripting Engine, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge and Windows Kernel.

 

 

Zscaler, working with Microsoft through their MAPP program, has proactively deployed protection for the following 6 vulnerabilities included in the January 2019 Microsoft security bulletins. Zscaler will continue to monitor exploits associated with all vulnerabilities in the January release and deploy additional protections as necessary. 

CVE-2019-0539 – Chakra Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2016
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2019
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for ARM64-based Systems
  • ChakraCore

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft Edge and then convince a user to view the website. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2019-0541 – Internet Explorer Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Excel Viewer 2007 Service Pack 3
  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows RT 8.1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2016
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2019
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Office 2010 Service Pack 2 (32-bit editions)
  • Microsoft Office 2010 Service Pack 2 (64-bit editions)
  • Internet Explorer 10 on Windows Server 2012
  • Microsoft Office 2013 Service Pack 1 (32-bit editions)
  • Microsoft Office 2013 Service Pack 1 (64-bit editions)
  • Microsoft Office 2013 RT Service Pack 1
  • Microsoft Office 2016 (32-bit edition)
  • Microsoft Office 2016 (64-bit edition)
  • Microsoft Office 2019 for 32-bit editions
  • Microsoft Office 2019 for 64-bit editions
  • Office 365 ProPlus for 32-bit Systems
  • Office 365 ProPlus for 64-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Office Word Viewer

 

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Internet Explorer (IE) improperly validates input. An attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a html editing attack scenario, an attacker could trick a user into editing a specially crafted file that is designed to exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how Internet Explorer validates input.

CVE-2019-0565 – Microsoft Edge Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2019

A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. An attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft Edge, and then convince a user to view the website. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. In all cases, however, an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically by way of enticement in an email or Instant Messenger message, or by getting them to open an attachment sent through email. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how Microsoft Edge handles objects in memory.

CVE-2019-0567 – Chakra Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2016
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2019
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for ARM64-based Systems
  • ChakraCore

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft Edge and then convince a user to view the website. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability.

The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2019-0568 – Chakra Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2019
  • ChakraCore

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft Edge and then convince a user to view the website. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2019-0569 – Windows Kernel Information Disclosure Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-Based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows RT 8.1
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1709 (Server Core Installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1803 (Server Core Installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2019
  • Windows Server 2019 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)

An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the user’s system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows kernel handles objects in memory.